Why Lithium-Ion Batteries Are Used In Electric Vehicles?
Most of the people ask question that why lithium-ion batteries are used in electric vehicles? The demand of electric vehicles nowadays have spiked when compared to last couple of years.
The sales of electric vehicles depend on a number of things which include the durability, range of vehicle per charge and the battery life of the vehicle other than normal vehicles. Where, the weight of vehicle also plays a great role in handling and steering of the vehicle, also affecting the distance it can cover in a single charge.
So, an ideal power source for electric vehicle would be a source that that can deliver great power for longer period of time while keeping the weight of the vehicles in bounds. Such a source would enable the vehicle to move longer distances in single charge while the weight of vehicle would also be in limits. A lithium-ion battery provides all these features so, it is considered great for use in electric vehicles.
Factors That Justify the Use of a Battery in Electric Vehicles:
The sales of electric vehicles are rising annually. As the battery technology advances, electric vehicles perform better and their sales increase. For a battery to be used in any electric vehicle, there are a few factors that are needed to be kept in mind that include:
Advantages of Using a Lithium-Ion Battery in Electric Vehicles:
You can find these batteries in almost every type of electronic. But you might be wondering why to use lithium ion battery? There are several reasons why a lithium-ion battery serves the best for use in electric vehicles. Some benefits of lithium-ion batteries are:
I. Great Battery Life:
Lithium-ion batteries are considered one of the most long-lasting batteries. Any lithium-ion battery can last for years if properly used. Generally a lithium-ion battery can last up to thousand fully charged and discharged cycles but there have been researches and special types of batteries have been developed for electric vehicles that can last up to twenty years. So, there is no need for battery replacement every once in a while.
II. Greater efficiency:
Lithium-ion batteries are known to provide tremendous amounts of energy while possessing a very low discharging rate. This means it is ideal for any electric vehicles, as it is capable of providing a lot more power than other typical batteries still lasting for longer distances which is a defining factor for batteries.
Also, lithium-ion batteries have advanced so much that now fast-charging technology is available for them which means lesser recharging time. So, the needs for any electric vehicle battery to provide great power without draining faster and have lesser recharging time is fulfilled by lithium-ion battery. That is why most of the electric vehicle manufacturers nowadays use lithium-ion battery.
III. Lesser Weight:
As discussed above, electric vehicles may require great power that can require more batteries hence, increasing the weight of the car. Lithium-ion batteries’ cells are capable of providing more voltage per cell compared to any other batteries which means lesser number of these batteries are capable of out performing any other battery technology. So, lithium-ion battery is a great choice for electric vehicles.
IV. Safe to dispose:
Lithium-ion batteries are very safe to dispose off. There are great battery treatment plants for these batteries almost all over the world. So, it is easier to dispose off these batteries while causing almost no pollution. Manufacturers want such batteries that can be disposed without any harm to nature. So, Lithium-ion batteries prove to be a great option for electric vehicles when safe disposal is the main issue.
Frequently Asked Questions about Lithium Ion Battery in Vehicles
Lithium Battery for Energy Storage Systems
Ans. Lead acid batteries are generally avoided in electric vehicles due to several reasons that include:
- Lead acid batteries provide lesser voltage per cell so, a greater number of such batteries is required in electric vehicles. Hence, the weight of the vehicle is compromised.
- Lead acid batteries cannot provide greater power for longer period of time without overheating just like li-ion batteries.
- Lead acid batteries need servicing on regular basis unlike lithium-ion batteries
Ans. Yes, lithium-ion batteries can catch fire only if they are damaged and their electrolyte leaks out. Basically, this electrolyte is the thing that is flammable. In electric vehicles such as tesla, li-ion batteries are placed on the floor of the vehicle in a safe compartment where the chances of them getting damaged are almost zero.