Why Lithium Ion Battery Explode: The lithium-ion batteries market is increasing so rapidly that by 2025 it will be 100 billion USD so you can imagine the importance of lithium-ion batteries. Now we depend on lithium-ion batteries because the mobile phones, laptops, and other electronic machinery we use in our daily life are powered by lithium-ion batteries; these batteries also power electric vehicles.
But there is a problem with using lithium batteries that can explode or catch fire, but that is not always happening; it only occurs occasionally. You will shock to know that lithium batteries can become a safety hazard for users, so you have to keep this in your mind and use them accordingly.
Read this full post to know why lithium ion battery explodes?
When the lithium-ion batteries explode and catch fire, you can get serious injuries, so in this case, you need to contact the doctor and follow the safety instruction. The lithium-ion battery was discovered in 1970 and was firstly used by Sony for the company’s handheld video recorder. After that, nearly all the electronic companies started to use lithium batteries, which have different qualities compared to other batteries. Now every gadget is powered by these batteries. you can Also Read This How to Connect two lithium batteries Or How to connect lithium batteries in series
Lithium-ion batteries are inexpensive, lightweight, and long-lasting compared to other batteries, and this is why they are in high demand; their small size and lightweight make mobile phones slim and attractive.
But the fire catching and explosion reports are also increasing daily, so the manufacturers must give proper attention to eliminate this problem. There are only a few cases of fire catching or explosion. Still, they can badly injure you, so safety instruction is always the priority for the customers, as they must constantly deal with their products.
According to research, there are many times when companies need to face this problem by the users millions due to battery hazards. Like many examples, in 2016, more than one million people returned the Samsung Note 7 Galaxy due to a defective battery design that caused a fire or explosion.
Causes of Explosion of Lithium Ion Batteries
Lithium-ion batteries are considered safe, but there are still many cases in which the lithium-ion battery catches fire or explodes. There are many reasons for the explosion in lithium-ion batteries, and you should know all the reasons to prevent your batteries and devices from catching fire or exploding.
The manufacturers need to give attention during the production of lithium-ion batteries because the manufacturing defects are a big reason for the explosion in lithium-ion batteries. The metallic particles can get into touch with the lithium cell. In this case, the battery can catch fire or explode, so the environment should be free from any metals and other particles that can bad react with the lithium cell.
We know that the lithium cell is made from two electrodes separated by a specific liquid called the electrolyte, which plays an essential role in the lithium cell. If the electrolyte is very thin, it cannot work correctly, and the chances of an explosion are higher; in this case, the manufacturer needs to test the batteries before selling them.
The companies using lithium-ion batteries always want to make their products slim and attractive. For this, they also demand the manufacturers make the batteries in small and slim sizes and enjoy the maximum results. So in this way, the manufacturers fix the high-capability cells into small bodies, and the chances of the short-circuiting of the cells increase in these conditions. On the other hand absence of a proper cooling system also leads the batteries to catch fire or explosion.
The big problem that can cause an explosion or fire in lithium-ion batteries is their improper usage because people don’t know how to use the storms of the products powered by lithium-ion batteries.
Like many people place their batteries near the heat, and as a result, the battery also starts to get heated, and an explosion can occur inside the batteries. Sometimes the accidents can also lead the batteries to catch fire or explosion because when a battery suddenly collides with a hard surface, the chances of a short circuit increase in the lithium-ion batteries, so you need to use them properly to prevent any incident.
The demand for lithium-ion batteries is increasing daily, so the battery manufacturers use low-quality components. This competition decreases the price of lithium-ion batteries, as many factories are working on producing lithium batteries, and they want to get a high-profit margin by using low-quality components. But the lithium-ion battery requires the proper safety system and high-quality components that can handle a little heat, so companies should always use high-quality components, even if the cost is high.
The original charger is always the best to recharge your batteries or products, many people don’t take things seriously, and after some time, they claim that their batteries are not working well. The same charger can also produce heat near the batteries, and this can cause an explosion or fire inside the lithium-ion batteries.
This problem is not relevant to single-cell batteries. Still, the battery, which many cells primarily use in electric vehicles, can produce the thermal runway inside the battery. This condition can cause a fire or explosion in the lithium batteries because when a cell gets too hot, it transfers its heat to other cells, and the thermal runaway can happen in these conditions.